A Study of Inflectional Categories of Noun in Sistani Dialect

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

University of Sistan and Baluchestan

Abstract

The present article aims to provide a synchronic study of the inflectional or morpho-syntactic
categories of noun in Sistani dialect. These categories comprise person, number, gender or
noun class, definiteness, case, and possession. Linguistic data was collected via recording
free speech, and interviewing with 30 (15 females, 15 males) illiterate Sistani language
consultants of age 40–102 years, living in central (Markazi) district of Zabol city in Sistan
and Baluchestan province of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The research results indicate that
nouns are inflected in three distinct persons i.e. first, second, and third persons with either
singular or plural in number. Grammatical gender of nouns takes no specific morphological
marker. As to the category of definiteness, this dialect makes use of syntactic devices (like
demonstrative adjectives), and/or morphological devices (such as the use of /=ak/ and /=e/
clitics) to display the definite and indefinite nouns. Its case system is nominative-accusative
system. In this regard, only the accusative or objective case marking is morphologically
realized by the object marker /=a/. In addition, possession is expressed through the use of the
word /ml=e/ ‘belonging to’ or the preposition /az/ ‘from, of’ along with nouns/noun
phrases/personal pronouns and also applying ezɑfe - construction in the form of genitive
structure.

Keywords


Ahangar, A. A. (1382 [2003]). Towsif-e dastgah-e vaji-ye gooyesh-e Sistani [Description of Phoneme System of Sistani Dialect]. Gooyeshshenasi [Dialectology]. 1, pp. 4–31.

Ahangar, A. A. (2010). A study of the Verb System in the Sistani Dialect of Persian.  Orientalia Suecana. 59, 5-44.

Ahangar, A. A., van Oostendorp M., & Soohani B. (2013). Relationship Between

Phonological and Geographical Distance: Persian, Sarawani Balochi and Sistani

 Dialect. GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies. 13(2), 117-132

Barjasteh Delforooz, B. (1375 [1996]). Dastgah-e vaji-ye gooyesh-e Sistani  [Phoneme System of Sistani Dialect]. Majalle-ye oloom-e ensani- ye daneshgah-e Sistɑn va Baluchestɑn [Journal ofHumanSciencesof  UniversityofSistaniand Baluchestan]. 2 (1), 112-132.

Bearman, P. J., Bianquis, Th., Bosworth, C. E., Donzel, E. Van, Heinrichs, W. P.

        (Eds) (2003). the Encyclopedia of Islam. pp. 425–448, ‘Iran, iii. Languages’.

        Leiden:Brill.

Booij, G. (2007). The grammar of words: An introduction to morphology. (2nd Ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Doosti, M. (1380 [2001]). Barrasi-ye towsifi-ye sakhtvazhi, tasrifi va eshteghaghi-ye

        vazhe dar gooyesh-e Sistɑni-ye Adimi [A Morphological, Inflectional and

         Derivational Descriptive Study of Word in Sistani Dialect of Adimi].

         Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran.

Fasold, R., & Connor-linton, J. (2006). An Introduction to language and linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Haspelmath, M. (2002). Understanding morphology. London: Arnold.

Heine, B. (2001). Ways of Explaining Possession. In I. Baron, M. Herslund, & F. Sorensen, (Eds.). Dimension of possessions: Typological studies in language (TSL) (pp. 311-328). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Katamba, F., & Stonham J. (2006). Morphology. 2nd Ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave

         Macmillan.

Lazard, G. (1974). Morphologie du verbe dans le parler Persian du Sistan. Studia

        Iranica. 3, 65–85.

Mahoutian, Sh. (1384 [2005]). Dastoor-e zaban-e Farsi az didgah-e radehshenasi

        [Persian Language Grammar from Typology Perspective]. (M. Samayee,

        Translator). Tehran: Nashre-Markaz.

Meshkato-Dini M. (1386[2007]). Dastoor-e zaban-e Farsi: Vazhegan va peyvandha-Ye sakhti [Persian Language Grammar: (Vocabulary and Structural Links)].  Tehran: SAMT.

Mohammadi Khomak, J. (1379 [2000]). Vazhename-ye Sakzi (farhang-e loghat-e

        Sistani) [Lexicography of Sakzi( Sistani dictionary)].Tehran: Sorush.

Okati, F. (2008).A Phonological Description of the Iranian Sistani Dialect of Miyankangi. Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Sistan and  Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran

Okati, F., Ahangar, A. A., & Jahani, C. (2009a). The Status of [h] and [?] in the Sistani Dialect of Miyankangi. Iranian Journal of Applied Language    Studies.  1(1), 80–99.

Okati, F., Ahangar, A. A., & Jahani, C. (2009b). Fronting of /u/ in the Iranian Sistani Dialect. Orientalia Suecana. 58, 120–131.

Okati, F., Ahangar, A. A., Anonby, E., & Jahani, C. (2010). Natural Phonological  Processes in Sistani Persian of Iran. Iranian Journal of Applied Language  Studies. 2(1), 95–120.

Omrani, Gh. R. (1375 [1996]). Towsif-e vaji-ye gooyesh-e Sistan (howze-ye markazi-ye shahr-e Zabol) [Phonological Description of Sistani Dialect  (Central District of Zabol City)]. Zabanshenasi [Linguistics].13(1-2), 70-91.

Omrani, Gh. R. (1378 [1999]).Towsif-e vaǰi-ye gooyesh-e Sistan (howze-ye  markazi-ye shahr-e Zābol (2)) [Phonological Description of Sistani Dialect  (Central         District of Zabol City (2))]. Zabanshenasi [Linguistics]. 14(1- 2), 106-141.

Oveisipoor, M. (1374 [1995]). Barrasi va towsif-e gooyesh-e Sistan dar mantaghe-ye Posht-e Ab-e Zabol [A Study and Description of Sistani Dialect in Posht-e Ab District of Zabol]. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Fedowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Payne, Th. E. (1997). Describing morphosyntax: A guide for field linguistics.     Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tallerman, M. (2011). Understanding Syntax. (3rd Ed.). London: Arnold.

Vahidian Kamyar, T. (1381[2002]). Dastoor-e zaban-e Farsi (1) [Persian Language

         Grammar (1)]. Tehran: SAMT.

Windfuhr, Gernot L. (1989). New Iranian Languages. In R. Schmitt (Ed.). Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum (pp. 246-250) Wiesbaden: Ludwig  Reichert Verlag.

Yule, J. (2010). The Study of Language. (4th Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.