Assessment and Analysis of Writing Activities of Secondary High School English Textbooks: Vision Series

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Phd Student of General Linguistics, Department of English Language, Faculty of Humanities, Azad Islamic University, Zahedan, Iran

2 Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Sistan and Baluchestan

3 Department of English Language, Velayat University, Iranshahr, Iran



Writing is one of the four skills of language learning, especially, one of the skills of practical communication in a communicative approach. The purpose of this research is to evaluate and analyze writing activities of the writing sections of secondary high school English textbooks, grades ten, eleven and twelve so called vision 1, 2, 3. The theoretical framework of this research, a descriptive analytical and qualitative method, was based on Kern's (2007) and Harmer's (2004) model and continuum of writing activities. The writing activities of these vision books were divided into three major categories of controlled, guided and free writing and fifteen more sub-categories. The exercises and activities of the writing section of these six volume English textbooks- so called vision 1,2,3 were counted on and the average and percentage of each category was calculated based on Kern's (2002) and Harmer's (2004) model and continuum of writing. The findings of this research indicate that the categories of controlled writing and copying, the first item of Kern's continuum, are the dominant writing tasks in these books. Activities concerning the guided, and especially the free writing activities in these books are rarely seen or they have not been much carefully regarded. In communicative approach, regarding the goods and the existing requirements, teaching of writing is generally concerned with free writing tasks. Therefore, in order to enhance and promote the practical communication skills as an aim of communicative approach, free writing skills are inevitable. The findings of this research point out that English teachers can reinforce and enhance their students' practical communication abilities in their classes by using free style exercises and hence, cover the shortcomings of the books.