The Effects of Presenting Multiple-Choice Test Items in Oral and Written Modes and Item Types on Advanced EFL Learners’ Listening Comprehension and Perception

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of English Language Teaching, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch

3 Assistant Professor, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz


This quasi-experimental study aimed to compare the effect of different modes and item types of multiple-choice (MC) test items on advanced EFL learners’ listening comprehension and perception. To this end, 80 advanced EFL learners, aging 18 to 30, were selected. The participants took a listening test including dialogue-completion and question and answer multiple-choice items presented in written and oral modes. In addition, the participants were given a questionnaire on their perceptions of the oral and written modes. The results of two-way repeated measures ANOVA showed that there was no significant difference between the participants’ scores in the oral and written modes. Moreover, they received similar scores on the two item types. However, in their questionnaire responses, most of the participants preferred the written mode to the oral mode. The results also imply that although presenting the multiple-choice test items in the oral mode may form a pure test of listening comprehension, there are acceptable reasons for presenting the multiple-choice listening items in the written mode.